CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIR-CSIO) Chandigarh recently (on 10 February) transferred the technology of ‘Divya Nayan – Personal Reader for the Visually Impaired’ to Central Electronics Limited (CEL) a Govt. of India Enterprise under Department of Scientific & Industrial Research (DSIR), Ministry of Science & Technology.
The technology has been transferred for the most upgraded version of Divya Nayan. This personalized reading device is now equipped with the most compact form factor as compared to commercially available devices worldwide. This portable device can scan and read approximately fifty pages, depending upon the size and content, once fully charged and can store more than ten thousand pages with converted information. The device has all features of a mobile/portable IoT (Internet of Things) device. Detailed technical specs are available at https://divyanayan.csio.res.in/. Notable among them are the online processing and natural voice output for both interface as well as speech output generation. The internet cloud-based online processing helps speedy conversion to text in English/Hindi or most regional languages which the device can speak with a most natural voice. CSIR-CSIO has filed a patent - Handheld contact scanning aided reader-cum organizer for visually impaired (201611035138), on October 14, 2016 - for both protection and advancement of the technology.
Divya nayan supports major regional languages of India with/without the need for Internet connectivity. However, the device can be connected to the internet via Wi-Fi for cloud-based document processing cum sharing, online news reading and over the air software upgrade. The device is now aided with contact scanning technology, it is capable of processing printed information captured in any external lighting condition. The inbuilt document analysis of the device helps a user scan a page in any direction and read documents with multiple columns of text while automatically rejecting all the embedded images. It also accepts all the major font-families with sizes starting nine points and above.
Both CSIO and CEL have worked together for the last one year for pilot production of the devices which were used in trials in various parts of the country. A Google App by the same name - Divya Nayan – was launched last year and is available for 10 languages. A certificate of safety (format as per IS-13252 Part 1, IEC 60950-1) for the manufacturing of the device has now been obtained by CEL in December 2019. Following More than 25 workshops have been conducted for the device in various states with most regional languages such as Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Tamil, and Kannada. Telugu, Marathi, etc. and other languages are planned to be introduced in other parts of the country. The confidence so gained by the two organisations culminated in reaching the stage of ToT.
On behalf of CEL, the Transfer of Technology (ToT) agreement was signed by Dr. B.N. Sarkar, CMD, CEL and by Dr. Surender Singh Saini, Principal Scientist & Head, Business Initiatives & Project Planning (BIPP), CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation, Chandigarh in the presence of Prof. R K Sinha, Director, CSIR-CSIO and other departmental Heads of CSIR-CSIO, Chandigarh.
Prof. R K Sinha, Director, CSIR-CSIO, Chandigarh at the time of ToT said that the successful trials and workshops of Divya Nayan were conducted at various institutes and NGOs. The feedback received from various tests has been incorporated in the device to make it more user-friendly. The experiences so gained indicate huge demand for this device. CSIO commits that even after the technology transfer, the need for adding new features in the device would be met that will help CEL in further upgradations accordingly.
Dr. B. N. Sarkar said that continuous improvements have been made in this device since the first time he saw it during a demonstration at Vigyan Bhawan. He said that he saw many technologies that were ready for production in CSIO but he chose this one as it was a golden opportunity for CEL to take it further and help the social cause by bestowing the gift of sight to the sightless and has great promise to light up their world.
Sh. P.C. Awasthi, GM (SPD), and Sh. Surendra Kumar, AGM (MED), Central Electronics Limited witnessed signing the ToT agreement and appreciated the cooperation and support of CSIO. They committed that CEL will ensure that a large number of devices are produced in a short time so that it has a wide reach.